Linking practice with theory, this book systematically introduces the basic theories and features pertinent to preschool students’ developments in mathematical concept recognition. The author applies his research outputs to emphasize the importance of mathematics education in developing a child’s mathematical thinking. Taking education as its approach, the book expounds the theory of the child’s development in mathematical study across different chapters, integrating cognitive laws with content and methods. The book can be used as a professional textbook for pre-school education practitioners, or by anybody engaged in the field of pre-school education.