Based on the theoretical and practical findings of low-carbon development, green development and sustainable development theories, combined with the Chinese reality, this book sets out a full monitoring index system and methods. The index shows the compatibility between environment-friendliness and economic development and in particular the comparison between the level of green development and the rate of such progress, as well as the guiding role of the government in green development administration. The whole monitoring index system includes 3 first order indices, 9 secondary indices and 55 third-level indices.