This report conducted by the Research Program of China Development Report of People’s Well-being (RPCDRP)at Beijing Normal University (BNU) is part of the Project 985 in China which aims at meeting the demands of the nation’s development strategy. Faculties from School of Management and Institute of Government Management at BNU are in charge of the program.
    Based on newly released official statistical data, this report charts the overall development of people’s well-being in China amid the 11th Five-Year-Plan (FYP) and traces the development of policies in relation to people’s well-being. By analyzing roots of related focus issues, the report attempts to provide possible solutions in coping with difficulties. In addition, the report also adopts quantitative analysis and delivers the Development Index of People’s Well-Being (2011) by examining thirty provincial-level units in China.
    The report points out that although China encountered problems such as natural disasters and global financial tsunami during the 111th FYP, the Chinese government still made remarkable progress in promoting people’s well-being. Employment increases stably and the structure of employment continues to optimize and adjust. Education achieves great progress. The central government addressed Outline of the National Medium and Long-term Talent Development Program (2010-2020). Referring to housing, the total number of housing newly built keeps growing. The low-income housing construction develops rapidly. The social security system is developed and re-oriented towards marginal groups in society. Healthcare reform gains breakthrough progress and the new healthcare system has been established already. Environment is improved and the capacity of environment governance strengthens. Innovation in social management increases. Philanthropy and social service makes great progress.
    The year 2011 is the beginning of the 12th FYP and the turning-point for China’s further development. However, the unbalance economic development made and inconsistent economic structure remained and led to the lack of sustainability of the economy as well as a number of challenges. In response to these challenges, China pledges to transform the development mode, to reduce urban disparity, to enhance social justice and equality, to strengthen social management, and to improve people’s well-being over the next five years.